When training your horse, it’s hard to not get impatient and try to force your horse to do what you want him to do. But lets face it horses average some where around 1200 pounds, and there is no way you are going to make him do anything he doesn’t want to. I think it is easy for us to get caught up in trying to cue our horse and press them into doing what we want. But in all honesty the horse doesn’t learn when we apply pressure. He learns when we release the pressure.
No mater what I’m trying to get my horse to do, I follow this simple pattern. I ask until the horse makes the slightest effort to do what I want him to do. As soon as he makes a try in the right direction, I quit asking and let him rest a second. This is the point where your horse’s head starts working.
Let’s say we want to longe our horse. One of the first things we need the horse to do here is turn his shoulder away from us. So we apply pressure to the horse by swinging a rope at his shoulder. The second the horse starts to make even the slightest effort to turn you need to stop swinging the rope. At this point your horse thinks, “hey that person was swinging the rope at me, and when I started to turn the person quit swinging the rope”.
Again you will swing the rope at the horse’s shoulder. Because you released pressure before when the horse move away from the swinging, your horse may make a bigger effort to turn. Once again the second your horse starts to turn release pressure. Now your horse is thinking “yeah I’m pretty sure that that person wants me to move. When I started to move again he stopped swinging that rope.” At this point your horse is probably starting to lick and chew a little.
Now that the horse is starting to get the idea, you can apply a little more pressure and see if you can get the horse to actually take a step in the right direction. After you get a step, release pressure. You will repeat this until he takes that one step with very little pressure. Then you will increase pressure again working toward two steps.
This method works with pretty much anything you want to train your horse to do. I use it to get my horses to cross bridges, spin, flex, anything. The key is to develop good timing and release all pressure at the slightest try from your horse. Eventually your horse will recognize that you are asking him to do something and try to find the answer to get you to release pressure.
Sounds pretty simple, right? Well here’s where it gets tricky. Let’s say you are wanting your horse to turn left. You apply your pressure and instead of left your horse turns right. Frustrated you stop applying pressure and straighten your horse so you can start over again. Now you’ve just taught your horse to do the exact opposite of what you wanted him to do. You must remember to continue to apply pressure until the horse makes an effort in the correct direction. If he starts to go the wrong way, you can not stop applying pressure, in fact you could even increase pressure to discourage your horse from doing the wrong thing. Then when he makes a try at the right direction, release.
Training your horse can be made more simple if you can recognize when your horse makes an effort to do the right thing, and you reward him for that effort by releasing any pressure you may be applying to him. When you are working with your horse try to remember that your horse doesn’t learn when you are applying a cue, but when you stop applying it.In this picture, I have Dollar’s head almost touching the ground. There is no way I could pull his head to the ground. To get him to do this I would apply and release pressure on his poll and nose until he realized what I wanted. Once he got the picture he lowered his head.